The Human Cybercriminal Project

Cybercrime is a major challenge facing the world. Impacting countless citizens around the globe, it has developed into an enormous profit-making industry. Many approaches investigating cybercrime thus far have focused on the technological elements, but there is now a great need to understand the “human” side of online crime: Who are the cybercriminals? What motivates them? Where do they come from? How do they operate?

The Human Cybercriminal Project aims to pioneer research on these exciting issues. This project brings the same conceptual approach to bear on the question of profit-driven cybercrime – how are the economic and social activities of online criminals governed when they are outside the control of the state? But in the case of cybercriminals, the problem of a lack of trust is an even more complex question: not only are they all criminals but many online interactions by cybercriminals are ostensibly anonymous. They often don’t know who dealing with or how to find them if their deal goes awry... How do they overcome this challenge?

Project director: Jonathan Lusthaus

Project members: Federico Varese, Laurin Weissinger


FIDUCIA: Justice Needs Trust

FIDUCIA is a research project sheds light on a number of distinctively European criminal behaviours that have emerged in the last decade as a consequence of technology developments and the increased mobility of populations across Europe. Proposing new approaches to the regulation of such behaviours, the central idea behind the project is that trust (in latin, “fiducia”) is critically important for social regulation. While being highly relevant to responding to “conventional” forms of criminality, trust and legitimacy may be of special significance in the light of “new crimes".

ExLegi leads a case-study on trafficking in human beings, aimed at understanding the scope and the nature of human trafficking and reviewing the impact of relevant national and international policies. Besides understanding the mechanisms behind criminal organisations involved in trafficking, the project aims to identify ways to alter the "normative climate" both within criminal organisations and societies at large. It explores issues of cooperation, exchange, trust and normative compliance to rules among criminals as well as individuals peripherally involved in the process.

Project director: Paolo Campana

Project members (Oxford cluster): Ben Bradford, Julian Roberts, Federico Varese

Additional information